When purchasing a second hand forklift, many buyers concern yourself with getting stuck with a lemon. It’s unfamiliar territory, nearly everyone knows things to search for in the vehicle, but how about a forklift? It’s a high priced purchase that you need to be reliable for years to come. This is a fundamental checklist you ought to look for when shopping for a second hand forklift.
Take note: This article covers physical inspection of used forklifts for sale. For guidance on picking a forklift size and kind, please see this informative article.
It used to be a chore, the need to drive from a factory to a different (often widely spaced in various suburbs). Now of course we have now the net to aid. Most forklift sellers now have a web site (the same as this one!), and having the capacity to see in advance what kind of units are offered is a massive time saver. When checking websites, it’s still a smart idea to ring the retailer and appearance there are no unlisted forklifts, often we sell forklifts before they may be listed on the site.
When checking forklifts online it can be difficult to view details but you need to look for that following:
No obvious impact damage (scrapes and scratches are ok)
Minimal or no rust
Tyres that aren’t broken down
On location inspection
Since you now have selected a few retailers or units to consider, make and appointment and go take a look. This is why you are able to really get a full look at the used forklift under consideration. Should you be shopping with a low budget under consideration, you will need to make allowances for the unit which will not meet every one of these criteria, but look for any problems and inquire the salesman specifically when they can be fixed just before purchase, especially things that might develop into a safety hazard or stop the system from working.
Please take into account that this is a guide only, and based on the age and cost in the unit, you might want to compromise. What is important is usually to A:Get good value for money and B:Get a reliable forklift
Try to find new paint or paint in excellent condition, preferably with decals (better resale value) and warning stickers (for operator safety). Scratching and scrapes are ok, extensive rust, overspray from bad repainting and large dints will not be. Check plastics (if any) for cracks or splits.
Open the bonnet and commence the engine. It should start easily and idle smoothly (it will probably be more noisy than a car). Look above and below for engine (black) oil leaks. Check starter motor fires rapidly. Rev engine hard in neutral and check tailpipe once warm for blue or black smoke. Exhaust ought to be minimal if LPG, and totally free of excessive odour.
Raise Carriage to full height (move forklift outdoors if possible). Check lifting speed is steady and constant. Rev engine to enhance lift speed then run in idle to make certain it continues to raise. Tilt back and forward at full extension, engine must not stall. Shims in tilt mechanism should not move a lot of, carriage really should not be sloppy. Drop down, movement should be smooth and steady, all stages should relocate turn with no jamming.
Check all visible hoses for leaks. Look under the forklift for greenish or golden hydraulic oil. Move mast to full tilt and view for leaks again while under pressure. Levers should move easily and operation ought to be smooth for all those controls. For hydraulic drive forklifts (Linde), drive back and forward, operation needs to be quick and smooth.
Drive the used forklift around within a tight circle, backwards and forwards. Use brake, inch and accelerator to full extension, check seating position and controls can be found.
Seat and Lights
Seat needs to be free from large rips and tears. Seatbelt (if a part of original equipment), must be functional. Flashing light on roof should be working, other lights if fitted must be working however they are not essential unless road use is essential. Engaging reverse should trigger beeper or buzzer
All four tyres should be evenly worn, with sufficient usage left about them. Solid and cushion tyres should be free from major tears and damage, Solid tyres must have tread. Pneumatic tyres should have adequate air pressure
Diesel/Petrol: Check under tank for cracks. Examine fuel cap area for damage. Check fuel lines.
LPG: Examine tank connector for damage. Be sure that seals work, no smell our sound should result from pipe. Check pipe for abrasions or marks. Check tank clips for damage, insert and take off tank to ensure it is actually held firmly.
Tynes should be able to slide on carriage, but be held securely set up when clipped in, and never flop about. Check tynes about the used forklift for bending or excessive wear, especially around the ‘heel’ (bend) from the tynes
Battery (Electric only)
Inspect battery for missing caps or damaged leads. Any visible acid ought to be very small, no lasting buildup. Check water system (if installed) for leaks. Turn on charger and make sure it really works, check outlet plug for damage.
Notes on buying over the web without inspection
If you live interstate through the used forklift involved or are in a rural area, you may well be made to purchase over the internet. There may be nothing wrong using this approach, you only need to be 74dexmpky careful. When emailing a supplier, require extensive details and loads of photos, especially close ups of your motor and mast/carriage. If possible suggest to them into a friend or relative with mechanical knowledge. Check against other suppliers for price and condition of units the identical price. Inquire about warranty availability, it is almost always restricted for interstate purchasing but ensure the salesman understands that you anticipate reliability and great condition and so are able to return the forklift whether it doesn’t meet your expectations.